2024年7月23日, 星期二

【DoA Seminar】June 28th by Armuth Alfred

日历
研讨会日历
Date
06.28.2024 10:00 am - 11:00 am

Description

Title: Revealing Dark Matter under the Lens 

Speaker: Amruth Alfred 

 

Abstract: Unveiling the true nature of Dark Matter (DM), which manifests itself only through gravity, is one of the principal quests in physics. Leading candidates for DM are weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) or ultralight bosons (axions), at opposite extremes in mass scales, that have been postulated by competing theories to solve deficiencies in the Standard Model of particle physics. Whereas DM WIMPs behave like discrete particles (ρDM), quantum interference between DM axions is manifested as waves (ψDM). Here, we show (Amruth et al. Nature Astronomy, 2023) that gravitational lensing leaves signatures in multiply-lensed images of background galaxies that reveal whether the foreground lensing galaxy inhabits a ρDM or ψDM halo. Whereas ρDM lens models leave well documented anomalies between the predicted and observed brightnesses and positions of multiply-lensed images, we show for the first time that ψDM lens models are remarkably able to correctly predict the level of observed anomalies. More challengingly, when subjected to a battery of tests for reproducing very high angular resolution observations of quadruply-lensed triplet images in the system HS 0810+2554, ψDM is able to reproduce all aspects of this system whereas ρDM often fails. The ability of ψDM to resolve lensing anomalies even in demanding cases like HS 0810+2554, together with its success in reproducing other astrophysical observations, tilts the balance towards new physics invoking axions. 

  

Bio: Amruth Alfred, originally from the island of Sri Lanka, is based at the University of Hong Kong and currently holds a Dissertation Year Fellowship which allows for an additional year of research after successfully completing his PhD defense. Amruth is the recipient of the 2023 Hong Kong Young Scientist Award, which is given annually to the best PhD research in Hong Kong within Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. His research primarily focuses on uncovering the nature of Dark Matter (DM), a mysterious substance that comprises a staggering 85% of mass in our Universe, through the technique of Gravitational Lensing. By providing the first credible explanation for resolving the two-decade lensing anomaly problem that has plagued the community, Amruth's research has provided a new avenue to test the potential for ultralight particles, as opposed to ultramassive particles, to be a promising candidate for DM. This work was featured on the front cover for the June 2023 issue of Nature Astronomy, and has been rated as within the top 1% among all research articles across all journals for how much attention it created. 

 

Time: 10:00-11:00, 28/June, Friday 

Venue: Room 506 (large seminar room), Department of Astronomy